Diary for Monday, February 1, 1915
Germany: Chancellor agrees to unrestricted U-boat war advocated by Chief of Naval Staff Pohl.
Bread and flour rationing in Berlin, 4.14lb (1.88 kg) per week (nationally from June) where War Board for metal industry set up.
Austria: During February ‘Metal Central Ltd’ formed to requisition scrap.
Britain: End of industrial truce (47 strikes with 209,000 working days lost in February). 15.6% of workforce now enlisted. 126,000t per day seaborne coal now by rail.
French artillery uses in early February the first sound-ranging sets (BEF experiments with them in Ypres sector in October 1915).
Flanders: British 2nd Division storms trenches near Cuinchy.
Champagne – Third Battle of Perthes: German attack repulsed until February 3.
Poland: Mackensen’s 100,000-strong Ninth Army attacks at Bolimow, takes 3 villages in 6-mile advance but Siberian and other reserves (total 3 divisions) retake them and stabilize front until February 6. German losses 20,000 men, Russian 40,000.
Carpathians: Brusilov advances from Dukla Pass to Upper San; Russians evacuate Tucholka and Beskid Passes, advance near Uzsok Pass until February 3.
Uganda and Congo: Anglo-Belgian agreement on Uganda-Congo border. Brigadier Malleson opens military talks at Ruchuru on February 14.
Cyrenaica: During February Nuri Pasha (Enver Pasha’s half-brother) smuggled in from Syria to aid Senussi.
Britain: British Admiralty bans neutral fishing boats from ports, due to erroneous Grand Fleet fear that they are mine laying. During February Scapa Flow becomes boom defenses.
Arctic: During February the old Royal Navy pre-dreadnought Jupiter arrives at Archangel at record early date to serve as icebreaker until May.
Western Front: During February future top French and Allied ace Fonck posted to Saint-Cyr for aviation training. French introduce Dorand bombsight.
Turkey: German military mission sent to Constantinople to reorganize Turk Army air corps.
Eastern Front: Russian heavy bombers first equipped with defensive armament, which will be progressively increased.
Bulgaria: Due de Guise in Sofia to persuade Tsar Ferdinand to join Allies.
USA: By now US Army using films for training.