Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand

World War One

THE GREAT WAR

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British Battlecruiser class Lion and Princess Royal in action at the Battle of the Dogger Bank. History, development, service, specifications
German army's Gewehr 1898.
German infantry rifle Mauser Gewehr 1898 from World War One. History, development, service, specifications, pictures and model. Mauser Gewehr 1898
3D model of FT-17
French light infantry tank Renault FT-17 of the First World War. History, development, service, specifications, pictures and 3D model. Renault
The Germany Army in World War One from 1914 to 1918. Uniforms, strength, organization, tactics and commanders at the beginning
SMS Scharnhorst entering Valparais
German Armored Cruisers Scharnhorst class from World War One, and the battle of the Falklands (part II). History, development, service,
German Armored Cruiser Blücher from World War One, which sunk in the battle of the Dogger Bank 1915. History, development,
3d model of flush-decker HMS Campbeltown
US Flush-decker destroyer class in the First and Second World War. History, development, service, specifications, pictures and 3d model. Flush-decker
French Caudron G series of two-seater reconnaissance bombers of World War One. History, development, service, specifications, pictures and model. Caudron
The Russian Brusilov Offensive in summer 1916: History, preparation and conduct of the most successful Russian offensive in World War
Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
The Sarajevo assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand on 28 June 1914. The murder of an important political figure often had
Turkish troops attack in Palestine
Turkish Army in World War One - uniforms, strength, organization. History, disposition and Orders of Battle of Turkish forces in
Italian heavy gun Cannone da 149/35A in service from 1901 to 1943. History, development, service, specifications, pictures and 3D model.
Vickers Gun
British Vickers machine-gun from both World Wars. History, development, service, specifications and pictures of the heavy Vickers gun. Vickers Gun
Model Airco DH2
British first true single-seat fighting scout Airco de Havilland 2. History, development, service, specifications, statistics, pictures, and model. Airco DH2
The fallen comrade
Figures of losses to soldiers, civilians, ships, by the air war and war costs and damage in the First World
Smith&Wesson Model 1905 ‘Victory’
Smith & Wesson Revolvers M1905, M1917 and 0.38/200 from World War One and Two. History, development, specifications, statistics, pictures and
German uniforms World War One
The uniforms of the Germany Army in World War One from 1914 to 1918. Uniforms of the infantry 1914/15 and
soldiers of a Guard Grenadier Regiment
Organization of the German Army in World War I from 1914 to 1918. The deployment in 1914, regiments, divisions, branches
Browning model 1919A4
Browning M1917 and Browning M1919 machine guns. History, development, service, specifications, pictures and 3d-model of Colt-Browning M1895, Browning M1917, M1917A1,
The Army of Romania in World War One from 1916-1918. Uniforms, strength, casualties and organization of the Romanian Army. On

Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo.
Sarajevo No other political assassination in modern history has had such momentous conse­quences of the shooting of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir apparent to the Habsburg empire, in Sarajevo, the capital of the tur­bulent provinces of Bosnia-Herzegovina, more than 100 years ago – on 28th June 1914.
The Sarajevo murder was an incident which, under more normal international circumstances, could not have provoked such historical upheavals.

But in the early summer of 1914 relations between the great European powers were so tense that the killing of the archduke by a Bosnian student, named Gavrilo Princip, led to the outbreak of World War One through a series of quick and irreversible steps – the Austrian ultimatum to Serbia on 23rd July, her declaration of war on 28th July, Russian mobilization, Ger­many’s declaration of war on Russia on 1st August, and on France on 3rd August, and Great Britain’s declaration of war against Germany on 4th August.

The great powers had been elaborating plans for mobilizing mass armies ever since the Franco-German war of 1870-71. As usual, men prepared for the last military conflict instead of for the next one. The general staffs all assumed that the coming struggle would be decided by the first engagements on the frontiers, as had happened in 1870, and each general staff aimed to get its blow in first. Yet they were all terrified that the other side might beat them to it. Each one of them attributed to others a speed and flexibility which they knew they did not possess themselves. The deterrent of the overwhelming blow put the generals in a panic instead of giving them security. Such is the usual way with deterrents.
The strategies for mobilization were all according to detailed train time-tables, accurately determined through the years. As soon as the alert received, millions of reservists would arrive at their barracks. Thousands of trains would be put together and would pro­ceed every single day to their designated targets. The time-tables were strict and might not be modified without several weeks of planning. Casino Games explained.
Germany and France both had just one strategy for mobilization – both equally moved, needless to say, versus the opponent. Russia and Austria-Hungary got different strategies: the Russian either for general mobilization versus simultaneously against Germany and Austria-Hun­gary or for partial mobilization versus Austria-Hungary only; the Austrians against Serbia, Italy, or Russia. If one of these strategies did start to run, it would make the change to a different strategy im­possible. The time-tables could hardly be modified immediately.
This is the way to one of the deadliest conflicts in history. This scale of human loss had never been seen before – more than 14 million soldiers and civilians were killed, and a further 21 million troops were wounded during the four years of stagnant trench warfare and in failed attacks.
It was also the first time that many of the military technologies we now take for granted were employed, including heavy bombers and tanks. Yet even these were overshadowed by more established weapons such as machine-guns and artillery, the most lethal weapon of all.
The armistice in 1918 also signaled the end of the existing Europe; the conflict had caused the death of three powers: the Austro-Hungarian, German, and Russian – and saw the appearance of the U.S.A. as a major worldwide power. Nevertheless, the peace negotiations inserted the fundamentals for the outbreak of WW2.
The Diary will become a chronological history – day by day – of the conflict from the opening shots at Sarajevo in June 1914 to the armistice in November 1918. All the major war theaters are covered, as is the fighting in the air and at sea.

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