Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand

World War One

THE GREAT WAR

British army 1914-1918
British army 1914-1918
The British Army in World War One, 1914 - 1918. Uniforms, organization, leaders, strength and casualties. In 1908 Haldane had
Dublin destroyed 1
Dublin destroyed 1
Easter Rising - Easter week 1916 in Ireland. The Irish rebellion on Easter Monday, Dublin burns and starves and reprisals
crew members of a Sikorsky Ilya Mouromets
crew members of a Sikorsky Ilya Mouromets
Sikorsky Ilya Mouromets, Russian heavy bomber from the First World War and the first four-engined aircraft in history. History, development,
Mark I Thiepval Sep1916 300x165
Mark I Thiepval Sep1916
British heavy Infantry Tank Mark I of World War One and first tank in history. History, development, service, specifications, pictures
bluecher 1 2
bluecher 1 2
German Armored Cruiser Blücher from World War One, which sunk in the battle of the Dogger Bank 1915. History, development,
Nieuport XI model 1
Nieuport XI model 1
French scout and single-seat fighter Nieuport 11 and 16 'Bebe'. History, development, service, specifications, statistics and pictures. Nieuport 11, 16
Martinsyde Elephant model 1
Martinsyde Elephant model 1
British long-range escort fighter Martinsyde G.100 and G.102 'Elephant'. History, development, service, specifications, pictures and model. Martinsyde G.100 and G.102
3D model of FT-17
3D model of FT-17
French light infantry tank Renault FT-17 of the First World War. History, development, service, specifications, pictures and 3D model. Renault
Webley Revolver 1WK en
Webley Revolver 1WK en
British revolvers of both World Wars: Webley .455in, Fosbery, Webley .38in Mk 4, Enfield No.2. History, development, specifications, statistics and
'Lion' class battlecruisers at sea prior to the battle of Jutland
'Lion' class battlecruisers at sea prior to the battle of Jutland
British Battlecruiser class Lion and Princess Royal in action at the Battle of the Dogger Bank. History, development, service, specifications
'fighter of Verdun'
'fighter of Verdun'
The Battle of Verdun (February 21 - December 18, 1916). Situation end of 1915, to bleed the French army white,
Dublin OConnel Street 2
Dublin OConnel Street 2
The Easter Rising in Ireland on Easter Monday 24 April 1916. Causes and the preparation of the Irish Easter Rising
armistice Compiegne November 1918
armistice Compiegne November 1918
The Armistice of Compiegne in November 1918: Wilson’s Fourteen Points, Germany's allies, secret diplomacy and war propaganda. Wilson's Fourteen Points
dt Truppen Ostfront
dt Truppen Ostfront
The Germany Army in World War One from 1914 to 1918. Uniforms, strength, organization, tactics and commanders at the beginning
3d model of flush-decker HMS Campbeltown
3d model of flush-decker HMS Campbeltown
US Flush-decker destroyer class in the First and Second World War. History, development, service, specifications, pictures and 3d model. Flush-decker
irische buergerwehr 1
irische buergerwehr 1
Resources of David and Goliath for the Easter Rising in Ireland 1916. Part II of Easter Rising. Here to Part
FE2b 1
FE2b 1
British two-seater fighter Royal Aircraft Factory F.E.2 from World War One. History, development, service, specifications, pictures and model. Royal Aircraft
de Inf 1918 1
de Inf 1918 1
German fighting power in World War One. During World War One the German armed forces were mobilizing a total of
UB 1 1
UB 1 1
German short-range coastal submarines originally intended to be transported by rail to their area of operations. History, development, service, specifications,
battleship 'Kaiser' in WoW
battleship 'Kaiser' in WoW
World of Warships: German battleship Kaiser class from World War One. Battleship Kaiser in WoWs with video from action and

Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo.
Sarajevo No other political assassination in modern history has had such momentous conse­quences of the shooting of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir apparent to the Habsburg empire, in Sarajevo, the capital of the tur­bulent provinces of Bosnia-Herzegovina, more than 100 years ago – on 28th June 1914.
The Sarajevo murder was an incident which, under more normal international circumstances, could not have provoked such historical upheavals.

But in the early summer of 1914 relations between the great European powers were so tense that the killing of the archduke by a Bosnian student, named Gavrilo Princip, led to the outbreak of World War One through a series of quick and irreversible steps – the Austrian ultimatum to Serbia on 23rd July, her declaration of war on 28th July, Russian mobilization, Ger­many’s declaration of war on Russia on 1st August, and on France on 3rd August, and Great Britain’s declaration of war against Germany on 4th August.

The great powers had been elaborating plans for mobilizing mass armies ever since the Franco-German war of 1870-71. As usual, men prepared for the last military conflict instead of for the next one. The general staffs all assumed that the coming struggle would be decided by the first engagements on the frontiers, as had happened in 1870, and each general staff aimed to get its blow in first. Yet they were all terrified that the other side might beat them to it. Each one of them attributed to others a speed and flexibility which they knew they did not possess themselves. The deterrent of the overwhelming blow put the generals in a panic instead of giving them security. Such is the usual way with deterrents.
The strategies for mobilization were all according to detailed train time-tables, accurately determined through the years. As soon as the alert received, millions of reservists would arrive at their barracks. Thousands of trains would be put together and would pro­ceed every single day to their designated targets. The time-tables were strict and might not be modified without several weeks of planning. Casino Games explained.
Germany and France both had just one strategy for mobilization – both equally moved, needless to say, versus the opponent. Russia and Austria-Hungary got different strategies: the Russian either for general mobilization versus simultaneously against Germany and Austria-Hun­gary or for partial mobilization versus Austria-Hungary only; the Austrians against Serbia, Italy, or Russia. If one of these strategies did start to run, it would make the change to a different strategy im­possible. The time-tables could hardly be modified immediately.
This is the way to one of the deadliest conflicts in history. This scale of human loss had never been seen before – more than 14 million soldiers and civilians were killed, and a further 21 million troops were wounded during the four years of stagnant trench warfare and in failed attacks.
It was also the first time that many of the military technologies we now take for granted were employed, including heavy bombers and tanks. Yet even these were overshadowed by more established weapons such as machine-guns and artillery, the most lethal weapon of all.
The armistice in 1918 also signaled the end of the existing Europe; the conflict had caused the death of three powers: the Austro-Hungarian, German, and Russian – and saw the appearance of the U.S.A. as a major worldwide power. Nevertheless, the peace negotiations inserted the fundamentals for the outbreak of WW2.
The Diary will become a chronological history – day by day – of the conflict from the opening shots at Sarajevo in June 1914 to the armistice in November 1918. All the major war theaters are covered, as is the fighting in the air and at sea.

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