War Diary of World War One for Tuesday, September 1, 1914
Poland: Russian retreat towards river Bug.
Galicia: Austrians beaten before Lemberg, but Conrad orders Second and Fourth Armies to attack Russian flanks. Cossacks stampede Austrian 11th Cavalry Division over 12 miles (ca. 19 km).
France: Germans take Soissons and Craonne. Petain takes over 6th Infantry Division (General Bloch removed). Kitchener and Sir J French confer at Paris; Maunoury put under Gallieni. Action at Nery: British take 8 guns and PoWs after surprised ‘L’ Bty RHA (3 VCs) fights to last, two other BEF actions.
Western Front: A Taube monoplane bombs again Paris (4 civilian casualties). RFC pilot drops 2 bombs on stampeding German cavalry at a cross roads north of Villers-Cotterets.
Adriatic: French battleships shell Austrian Cattaro forts.
East Africa: First 780 Indian troops of 29th Punjabis reach Mombasa.
Britain: Sir A Ewing gets permission for first of 14 Royal Navy home signal intercept stations (at Hunstanton Coastguard Station, Norfolk). Overseas stations later at Otranto, Malta and Ancona. Ewing has 6 cryptanalysts by mid-October.
Russia: St Petersburg renamed Petrograd to avoid sounding German.
Britain: Women’s Hospital Corps leaves to take over Claridge’s Hotel in Paris.
Colombia: Government declares neutrality.