Diary for Thursday, August 12, 1915:
Britain – First tank begun: No 1 Lincoln or Tritton Machine called ‘Little Willie‘, moves on tracks on September 8).
Lloyd George orders 1,000 Stokes mortars.
Italian Front: Austrians have solved 63 Italian messages since July 5, soon capture field radio instructions, 50-70 solutions per day.
Alexeiev’s Northwest Front evacuates Sokolov, Syedlets and Lukow in a 15-mile retreat east of Warsaw.
Serbia: Serbian artillery shells Semlin and Panchevo in retaliation for Austrian bombardment of Belgrade.
Gallipoli: Lieutenant Compton Mackenzie of Royal Navy Division invalided out from GHO with dysentery (12,968 cases during August) to Athens.
Palestine: French cruiser destroys munition factory near Jaffa.
Britain: 3 Zeppelin raids on East Suffolk and Essex (night August 12-13, 30 civilian casualties).
Dardanelles – First ship torpedoed from air: Short 184 float plane (Edmonds) from carrier Ben-my-chree torpedoes beached 5000t Turk steamer in Sea of Marmara (2 other vessels torpedoed and 1 sunk on August 17).
USA: Government replies to Austria claims ‘munitions export not infringing neutrality’.