Diary January 31, 1915

British infantrymen in winter 1914-15
British infantrymen with protective coat in the winter of 1914/15.
Diary for Sunday, January 31, 1915:

Eastern Front

Poland: First use of poison gas (18,000 shells from 600 guns) by German Ninth Army at Bolimow in diversionary attack (until February 6). Gas nullified by intense cold and east wind, so Russians fail to inform Allies about it.

Western Front

Flanders: BEF now 347,384 men strong.

Middle East

Arabia: Idrisi’s Arabs occupy Farasan Island in Red Sea.

Home Fronts

Austria: By now 30 regular Austrian battalions sent to Italian border.
Germany: Dr Helfferich becomes Finance Minister.

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