World War One Diary for Sunday, November 5, 1916:
Verdun: French 9th Division reoccupies whole of Vaux.
Battle of the Somme: British in see-saw action near Butte de Warlencourt. French capture most of Saillisel and attack St Pierre Vaust Wood (advance continues on November 6). Anzacs capture, then lose Bayonet Trench.
North Sea: High Seas Fleet destroyers with battlecruiser Moltke and 3rd Battle Squadron rescue submarines U-30 and U-20 (abandoned) gone aground in fog off Borsbjerg, Denmark, but Royal Navy submarine JI (Laurence) torpedoes battleships Grosser Kurfürst and Kronprinz forcing them back to harbour.
Poland: Germany and Austria proclaim ‘Independent State of Poland’, Polish recruiting for German Army announced (November 16) gains only 370 volunteers from November 22.