Great War Diary for Sunday, October 8, 1916:
Atlantic – FIRST U-BOAT SINKING OFF US COAST: 5 merchant ships (3 British, 1 Dutch, 1 Norwegian) worth 20,388t captured and sunk off Newport (Rhode Island) by U53 (Rose) after refuelling there (left base September 17, returns October 20).
Battle of the Somme: British advance north and east of Courcelette; German counter-attack achieves slight success. Canadians capture, then lose, Regina Trench and the ‘Quadrilateral’.
Germany – AIR FORCE (LUFTSTREITKRAEFTE) ESTABLISHED: Imperial Order in Council to amalgamate ‘all means of air combat and air defence with the Army, in the field and in the home areas, into one unit’.
Britain: Prohibition on Sunday munitions work in force.