Diary for Friday, August 20, 1915:
Germany: In Reichstag Liebknecht demands immediate peace talks and votes alone against a new war credit.
Britain: Munitions Inventions Department of 20 scientists and engineers (482 by January 1918) first meets. Kitchener to Churchill: ‘We have to make was as we must, and not as we should like to’.
Isonzo: Italian writer Renato Serra killed on Mt Podgora, aged 30.
Austria: Italy begins sustained strategic bombing including by night (31 Caproni Ca2s available 1915); 12 Capronis raid Austrian airfield at Asiovizza.