War Diary for Monday, October 23, 1944:
Russians now hold 137-km front in East Prussia.
5th US Army troops capture Monte Salvaro.
Germany: 955 RAF planes drop 4,538 t. bombs in night October 23-24 on Krupp’s works, Essen; IBs start fires in vast slag heaps, which are still smoldering in late 1940s.
Pacific: Japanese cruisers Atago, Maya (sunken) and Takao (disabled) torpedoed by US submarines Dace and Darter, off Palawan (Philippines). Darter runs aground.
Britain, USA and USSR recognize de Gaulle’s administration as Provisional Government of France.