Marne: Kluck orders 2 of his 4 corps advancing southeast of Paris to force march to aid IV Reserve Corps. On the opposite side acts Lieutenant Juin, future marshal, with a Moroccan brigade. Later Kluck recalls the other two corps thus opening a 30-mile gap between his army and Bülow’s into which BEF and French Fifth Army advance. Germans reach Provins, 8 miles (ca. 13 km) from Seine, southernmost point. Foch battles to hold Marshes of St Gond against Bülow and Hausen until next day; Villeneuve changes hands 3 times.
Lorraine: German Seventh Army disbanded, one corps sent west to river Ourcq, 2 put under Sixth Army. French 72nd Reserve Division from Verdun sorties to effect.
Alsace: French Belfort Gap covering troops link with 58th Division at Thann, occupy 3 villages on September 9, but retreat to frontier after General Gade’s attack on September 11, return to occupy Dannemarie on September 18 for duration.
Poland: Dankl’s center broken at Krasnostav on river Vyeprj south of Lublin.
Galicia: Battle of Grodek southwest of Lemberg until September 12: Brusilov against Austrians whose Second Army panics after vain attacks from south. Austrians dig trenches.
Serbia: Serbs make 2 barge night crossings (from 0100 hours) of the river Sava east of Mitrovica and at Kupinovo loop into Serb-populated Syrmia.
Hungary: Krauss’ Austrians capture 5,000 men of Serbian 1 st Timok Division trying to recross river Sava (pontoon bridge never finished), but Serbs at Kupinovo make firm bridgehead against Landsturm, capturing 2 villages.
Cameroons:220 British (62 escape) beaten by 500 Germans (126 casualties) who take 2 guns and 5 MGs at Nsanakang. French from Gabon also beaten at Mibang.
East Africa: 200 Germans beaten near Tsavo; Indian troops first time engaged.
Turkey: Zimmermann cables Constantinople Ambassador Wangenheim to ‘… incite unrest in Arabia, North Africa and Persian Gulf’.
Turkish Third Army in Armenia informed that Armenians contacting Russians. Government sends coded circular to Armenian-populated provinces requiring leaders’ supervision.
Germany: Kaiser’s proclamation to French people drafted ready for Joffre’s anticipated armistice request.
Belgium: Lieutenant-general Deguise made Governor of Antwerp. Tilbury-Antwerp refugee boat service begins.