Diary for Saturday, April 3, 1915:
Hoffmann diary: ‘Every day Russian airmen throw down proclamations on us: Surrender, lay down your arms, your wives and children are starving !’.
Flanders: British mine buries 100 yards (ca. 91 m) of German trench near Cuinchy.
Meuse: French capture Regnieville.
Artois: D’Urbal replaces Maud’huy (to Vosges Army) in command of French Tenth Army.
Persia: Niedermayer’s Mission enters with Austro-German Ambassadors at Kasri-Shirin which Raouf Bey’s 3000 Turco-Kurd Irregulars occupy on April 12 but Germans halt them at Karind due to brutality. By end of May Niedermayer reckons hopeless to draw Persia into the war.
Cameroons: British War Office takes control of Allied operations.
Channel: Anti-submarine barrage completed across Dover Straits.
Black Sea: Turco-German raids on Odessa (Turkish cruiser Medjidieh mined and sunk), Sevastopol and Nikolayev. Russian Fleet pursues smoke-screening Goeben and Breslau back to the Bosphorus but they sink 2 steamers and 2 Russian destroyers en route.
Britain: Asquith telegraphs France and Russia ‘The attack … on the Dardanelles will be pressed to a decision’, asks for another approach to Greece where Venizelos publishes Jan memos to King Constantine next day and retires from public life on April 9.