Diary for Monday, August 9, 1915:
Britain: 4 German Navy Zeppelins carry out scattered bombing on East Coast (night August 9-10, 38 casualties). L12 damaged by anti-aircraft fire over Dover and forced to ditch off Zeebrugge; towed by torpedo boats into Ostend (despite RNAS bombing by 9 aircraft in succession, 1 lost) but destroyed by fire while being dismantled.
Germany: Aviatik planes shoot down 4 French GB4 aircraft in Saarbrücken raid.
Flanders – Third Action of Hooge: 2 British brigades of 6th Division (1,800 casualties) recapture trenches lost on July 30 and make further gains north and west of Hooge.
Meuse: German attack in Bois-le-Pretre. Verdun fortified region created under General Herr (until February 26, 1916).
Gallipoli – Suvla bridgehead: Liman v. Sanders gives Kemal Pasha the 12th Division. He stops British advance, overwhelming 32nd brigade.
Anzac: 450 Gurkhas and British soldiers take Hill Q (Second Lieutenant W Slim wounded) northeast of Chunuk Bair where British relieve NZ troops.
Palestine: Jerusalem-Beersheba railway opens.
Sea of Marmora: Royal Navy submarine E2 shells Mudania rail station (repeats with E11 on August 28) and sinks steamer in Artaki Bay (August 21) on Asian shore.
Turkey: German Ambassador protests against Armenian policy, Talaat Bey pleads ‘excesses of subordinates’ and on August 31 says question ‘no long exists’.
Bulgaria: Government seeks Serb and Greek Macedonia plus Silistria.
Britain: The Times publishes Lawrence Binyon‘s poem ‘For the Fallen’.