Diary December 13, 1916

British gunboat on the Tigris
A British gunboat on the Tigris river bombards Turkish positions.
World War One Diary for Wednesday, December 13, 1916:

Middle East

Mesopotamia: Maude begins Tigris offensive with 48,500 men; 174 guns and 24 planes against 20,600 Turks with 70 guns: Sannaiyat shelled and Shalt-el-Hai Canal bridged (6 pontoon bridges by December 18).

Sea War

Black Sea: Russian warships shell Bulgar grain mills at Balchik north of Varna.
Eastern Atlantic: Destroyer HMS Landrail depth charges and sinks coastal submarine UB-29 in southwestern Approaches.


France: Prime Minister Briand sums up German peace note as ‘Heads I win, tails you lose.’.


Spain: German Madrid Military attaché radios Berlin about Mata Hari perhaps knowing Allies can read code.

Home Fronts

Portugal: Military coups until December 14 fail.
France: Prototype Renault FT-17 light tank ordered (conceived by Colonel Estienne and Renault in July), limited production approved on December 30.

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