Western Desert: FIRST BATTLE OF EL ALAMEIN. Rommel reaches El Alamein, having advanced 644 km in 36 days, and immediately attempts to push on towards Alexandria. General Auchinleck calls for ‘supreme effort’ from 8th Army.
China: American bombers raid Hankow – main Japanese supply base in China.
Sweden – Athletics: Gundar Haegg sets new world mile record of 4 min. 6.2 sec., beating Wooderson’s 1937 mark by 1.4 sec. (Haegg achieves time of 4 min. 1.4 sec., July 17, 1945.)
Finland: Government establishes diplomatic relations with the Vatican.
Exil-Government Poland: US-Polish Lease-Lend Agreement.
Britain: Wardlaw Milne moves vote of censure against Churchill in the Commons for mismanagement of the war effort. (Churchill wins the vote 476-25, July 2.)
France: Death of Leon Daudet, French satirical writer and editor of Royalist anti-Semitic newspaper Action Francaise, aged 74.