The Keyes Raid: British commandos, led by Lieutenant-Colonel Keyes, Victoria Cross, attack Rommel’s headquarter at Beda Littoria, west of Tobruk at night November 17-18. But Rommel is at Gazala; Keyes killed; only two commandos escape.
Germany: Colonel-General Ernst Udet, Director-General of Luftwaffe Equipment and World War One fighter ace, commits suicide in despair at ever-increasing losses in Russia and the failure of his bomber development programme, aged 45. Goering conceals true facts of his death, and announces that Udet has been killed testing a new warplane. Field Marshal Milch takes over.