Cambrai – GERMAN SURPRISE COUNTERATTACK BEGINS with 0830 hours barrage including much gas shell: Second Army, reinforced to 20 divisions, employs infiltration tactics and close air support, tested at Riga and Caporetto; 11 divisions attack on 12-mile front in two sections salient Vendhuille-Bourlon Wood-Moeuvres and penetrate to La Vacquerie and Gouzeaucourt capturing 6,000 PoWs and 158 guns in advances up to 3 miles. British Guards Div recapture latter, then 36 tanks arrive.
British Army’s youngest general, Brigade-General ‘Boy’ Bradford, Victoria Cross (GOC 186th Brigade, 62nd Division) killed by shell outside his headquarter, aged 25.
Flanders: Total German casualties since July 31: c.400,000 soldiers.
France: 129,623 AEF (American Expedition Force) personnel in Europe.
Germany: Transfer of 42 divisions (over 500,000 traps) from Eastern Front and elsewhere to West begins until March 21, 1918.
Cambrai: At least 30 low-flying ‘battle’ aircraft support German advance in south, more in northern sector. 10 Australian DH5s of No 68 Squadron assist British afternoon counter-attack. c.50 Royal Flying Corps aircraft and as many German over Bourlon Wood, both sides strafe. 11 German aircraft lost, 7 British.
Macedonia: French bomb Vardar valley and north of Monastir.
Britain: Vickers Vimy T/E heavy bomber first flies.
Mesopotamia: RFC bomb German Kifri airfield (night November 30-December 1), but fail to check reconnaissance for Turks.
Western Front: OHL has 144 twin-engine bombers in 7 Bogohl (36 in Bogohl 3 against England).
Britain: Allied (standing) Naval Conference formed in London, creates coordinating Allied Naval Council including politicians for first time.
During November Allied and neutral shipping losses to U-boats lowest of 1917, with 126 ships (56 British with 376 lives) worth 289,095t (U-boat figure 302,599t, including 104,479t in Mediterranean) and 8 U-boats lost. 90% of British ocean-going shipping now in convoy.
Austria: Government accepts Bolshevik armistice offer as basis for peace proposals.