Heavy artillery barrage heralds successful US attack on jungle-covered Orote Peninsular on Guma. Marines smash Japanese counter-attack on northern beachhead.
Home Front USA
Roosevelt, MacArthur and Nimitz confer in Honolulu. MacArthur argues successfully for liberation of Philippines, against Formosa invasion.
Home Front South Africa
Death of Riza Khan Pahlavi, exiled Shah of Iran; aged 67.