Diary January 9, 1916

Two subaltern officers of Austro-German troops
Two subaltern officers of Austro-German troops on the Balkans.
Diary for Sunday, January 9, 1916:

Southern Fronts

Montenegro: Austrians storm 4850ft Mt Lovcen (‘the Gibraltar of the Adriatic’); Montenegrins retreat 12 miles to capital Cetinje and begin talks for soon-agreed local truce.

Western Front

Champagne: German attacks east and west of Butte de Massiges. French line penetrated at number of points (including Butte du Mesnil and Mt Tetu), ground partially regained on January 10-11.

Middle East

Mesopotamia: Turks retreat to Wadi, British occupy Sheikh Saad. Goltz replaces Nureddin with Khalil Pasha.
Egypt: Sir A Murray succeeds Monro (leaves January 11) as C-in-C MEF.

African Fronts

Cameroons: Main German force (2,500 men) retreating on Ebolowa, aiming for Spanish Muni. Captain Stein returns 214 Allied PoWs to British on river Nyong.
East Africa, Coast: ­Wavell’s 80 Arab soldiers defeated at Mkongani but British drive 3 German coys from Ngurungani following day.

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