USSR: 5th Congress of Soviets adopts RSFSR Constitution.
Volga: Vatsetis named new Red Eastern Front Commander.
North Caucasus: Denikin’s Volunteer Army defeats Red Army (until July 14).
Siberia: British government announce 25th Middlesex Regiment sailing from Hong Kong to Vladivostok.
Marne: French troops reoccupy Courcy, north of river Ourcq.
Armenia: Kress wires Berlin from Tiflis that Armenians threatened with extermination. Hindenburg cables Enver ‘as a Christian’ to let 500,000 starving go home (July 29).
Persia: RAF plane flies to Urmia, arranges ammo convoy supply (July 22) for Christian Assyrian Jelus beset by Turks.
Atlantic: U-boat sinks Cunard liner Carpathia (5 lives lost) west of Ireland.