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Diary July 31, 1941

'Final Solution'
From September 1941 on all Jews have to wear the yellow star on the clothing, which became the beginning of the ‘Final Solution’.
Diary for Thursday, July 31, 1941:

Home Fronts

Germany: THE ‘FINAL SOLUTION’ ORDER. Goering, on Hitler‘s instructions, orders Heydrich to make ‘all necessary preparations … for bringing about the complete solution of the Jewish question’.

Neutrals

USA: Roosevelt establishes Economic Defense Board, under Vice-President Wallace.

Sea War

Merchant shipping losses in July 1941: 41 Allied ships with 113,078 tons in Atlantic, 2 Allied ship with 7,897 tons elsewhere.
12 Axis ships with 47,055 tons in Mediterranean.
1 U-boat sunk in the Atlantic, Arctic or Baltic. 65 serviceable U-boats in Atlantic.

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