Germany: ‘THOUSAND BOMBER’ RAID ON ESSEN AND THE RUHR. 950 aircraft (31 lost) are sent, but cloud hampers bombing.
Pacific: Seaplane launched from Japanese submarine I-26 reconnoiters Seattle.
India: Martial law declared in Sind following repeated outrages by the Hurs; aircraft and paratroops have to be employed; 2,000 Hurs captured June-July; 69 hanged.
Germany: Himmler takes control of ARP (Luftschutz).
Burma: Burmese Government in Exile to be re-established at Simla (India).