Focke-Wulf Fw 190 D.
Type: German Luftwaffe interceptor aircraft.
The Fw 190 A models should have been exchanged in preference to the long-nosed Fw 190 D or ‘Dora’. The D models, which in turn several 650-700 aircraft had been produced, started out from prototypes with the 1,776hp Jumo 213A-1 power plant, equipped by having an annular cooling air duct that serviced the ‘radial’ visual aspect.
Initial Fw 190 D-0s and D-1s had been distinguished, besides their extended cowlings, by extended rear fuselages as well as (on the D-1) enhanced fin area.
The main manufacturing model (designated to go along with the Fw190 A-8) was the Fw 190 D-9 interceptor, which went into action with III./JG54 in 1944 and was equipped with a pair of MG 151/20 wing guns and 2 x MG 131s above the power plant.
This interceptor entered manufacturing during the fall of 1944, following a long development. It was once again the fastest piston-engined fighter of WW2.
Respected by many people as the Luftwaffe‘s greatest piston-engined interceptor of WW2, the D-9 would have been to accompanied by the D-11, 12, 13, 14 and 15; but no significant manufacturing of these versions had been carried out.
Later D-models were redesignated Ta 152 in merit of the manager of Focke-Wulf’s develop staff, Dipl Ing Kurt Tank.
The first Ta 152 C models had been remarkably impressive, however the long-span Ta 152 H given up weapons for speed and flying height. Kurt Tank himself without difficulty outpaced a flight of P-51D Mustangs which surprised him on a trial trip; however only 10 of the H sub-type had flown before WW2 was over.
Users: Germany (Luftwaffe).
Animated 3D model Focke-Wulf D-9
Specifications Focke-Wulf Fw 190 D-9
|Power plant||one 1,776 hp (2,240 hp boosted) Jumo 213A-1 12-cylinder inverted-vee liquid-cooled engine|
|Wing span||34 ft 5.6 in (10.51 m)|
|Length overall||33 ft 5.3 in (10.19 m)|
|Height overall||11 ft 0.3 in (3.96 m)|
|Wing area||196.98 sq/ft (18.30 m²)|
|Weight empty equipped||7,694 lb (3,490 kg)|
|Weight loaded||10,670 lb (4,840 kg)|
|Max. wing loading||54.17 lb/sq ft (264.48 kg/m²)|
|Max. power loading||6.01 lb/hp (2.72 kg/PS)|
|Maximum speed||426 mph at 21,655 ft (686 km/h in 6.600 m)|
|Initial climb||3,117 ft/min (950 m/min.)|
|Service ceiling||37,075 ft (11,300 m)|
|Range||520 miles (837 km)|
|above engine||2 x 13mm MG131 (930 rpm, velocity 2,461 ft/sec)|
|in wing roots||2 x 20mm MG151/20 (720 rpm, velocity 1,920 ft/sec)|
|through propeller hub||1 x 30mm MK108 (650 rpm, velocity 1,705 ft/sec)|
|External load||one 1,100 lb (500 kg) bomb on centreline|
|First flight D||late 1942|
|Production delivery (D-9)||autumn 1944|
|Total production figure (all)||Total: 20,001 (of these 650-700 D-models and 67 Ta 152)|
|Accepted (all) by Luftwaffe 1/39-12/44||16,724|
|Production 1944 (all fighter variants)||7,488|
|Production 1945 (all fighter variants)||1,630|
|all in First Line Units 10.1.45||1,561|