World War One Diary for Thursday, June 20, 1918:
Italian Front: Italians shoot down 14 Austrian aircraft over the Piave, but top Italian ace Baracca killed strafing in Nieuport fighter. American pilots first fly Italian bombers in action.
Piave: Boroevic cables Austrian High Command ‘As the Monarchy … has loyally fulfilled its duties as an ally … and cannot face the risk of remaining perhaps disarmed, I propose to withdraw … behind the Piave’; Emperor gives permission. Boroevic plans to retreat at night only. Italians decide shelling bridges better than mass attacks.
Azerbaijan: Turk 5th Caucasian Division (6,000 men) arrives at Ganja (Russian Elizavetpol) to be core of Enver’s ‘Army of Islam’ (18,000 under Enver’s 28-year-old half-brother Nuri Pasha). A regiment marches to support Azeri Tartars on June 26.
Palestine: British restore civil law courts in occupied territory.
East Africa: General Northey made Gouverneur and C-in-C British East Africa. Brigade-General Hawthorn takes over NRFF. Kartucol halts for supplies at Vacha farmhouse.