Diary for Friday, July 19, 1940:
Germany: HITLER‘S ‘LAST APPEAL TO REASON’ speech in Reichstag, Berlin, says Britain has no sensible alternative but to reach peace agreement; (Britain rejects, July 22).
Germany: The Führer creates 19 new Field Marshals.
Mediterranean: Battle of Cape Spada. Italian cruisers Bartolomeo Colleoni and Giovanni delle Bande Nere (world’s fastest cruisers) intercepted off Crete by Australian cruiser Sydney and five destroyers; Colleoni sunk, Sydney damaged.