Diary for Tuesday, March 21, 1916:
Verdun: German shell Hill 304. French now have 1,294 guns (570 medium and heavy), the 155mm heavy guns alone fire 278,000 rounds in March.
Baltic Provinces – Russian North Front offensive (until March 26): Fifth Army crosses Dvina near Jakobstadt with 4 divisions, takes 1,000 yards of marshes for 28,000 casualties.
Western Russia: General Baluyev takes 1,000 German PoWs at Lake Naroch in fog as 2 German regiments break.
Isonzo: Austrian gas shelling forces Italian evacuation of gains in south.
East Africa: South African Mounted Brigade captures Kahe Hill but 1st Division attack (290 casualties) held between crocodile-infested rivers to north (171 German casualties).
Western Front: Escadrille Americaine (N 124) authorized, volunteer fighter unit and forerunner of legendary Escadrille Lafayette. Little flying possible.
Britain – ‘Fokker Fodder’ scandal: Noel Pemberton Billing MP taunts Government in Commons over officially approved obsolete aircraft produced for Royal Flying Corps by Royal Aircraft Factory: ‘I would suggest that quite a number of our gallant officers … have been rather murdered than killed’ (Fokker E fighters vs B.E.2)
Denmark agrees not to re-export French goods to Central Powers.
Ireland – Loyalist demonstration against Sinn Fein Headquarter at Tullamore: 3 police men injured in firing from it.
Britain: War Office to buy and import all Russian flax and tow.