France: Royal Flying Corps’ 41st Wing (DH4s, FE2bs and 8 RNAS Handley Page bombers) formed, LAUNCHES 13-MONTH DAY/NIGHT STRATEGIC BOMBING CAMPAIGN AGAINST INDUSTRIAL TARGETS IN WESTERN GERMANY and Alsace-Lorraine up to 125 miles from Western Front front line.
Flanders: French First Army repulse counter-attack east of Dreibank. Rupprecht reports to OHL: ‘In order to save material and men it may become necessary to withdraw the (Flanders) front so far from the enemy that he will be compelled to make a fresh deployment of his artillery.’
Verdun: Germans briefly penetrate advanced trenches north of Hill 344; those of the hill itself on October 17.
Baltic Provinces: Germans gain ground east-north-east of Segewold and try to fraternize in Riga area.
Armenia: Turk attack repulsed 16 miles southwest of Erzincan.