Diary for Sunday, September 12, 1915:
Mesopotamia: Townshend’s 11,080 men and 30 guns begin Tigris and land advance to Kut-el-Amara in 110-120° F until September 26.
Syria: French battleship Guichen with 4 other warships begin taking 4,000 Musa Dagh Armenians to Port Said.
Secret War: Gallipoli deserter Arab Lieutenant Muhammed al Faruqi interrogated in Cairo and at own request made agent ‘G’ to mediate with Sherif.
Foch visits Haig re coming offensive.
Baltic Provinces: German cavalry cut Vilna-Riga railway and taking Sventsyani.
Italian Front: Active fighting. Both sides have small successes.
Britain: Royal Navy gunnery expert Admiral Sir Percy Scott put in command of London’s anti-air defence and asks for 104 more guns plus over 50 searchlights and studies the example of Paris air defence.