Diary for Thursday, September 23, 1915:
Joffre Order of the Day to ‘Soldiers of the Republic … … Your elan will prove irresistible’.
Greece: Precautionary Greek Army mobilisation of 180,000 soldiers after Venizelos persuades King.
Dardanelles committees declines until following day Lloyd George idea of sending Suvla troops to Salonika and decides on winter campaign.
Dardanelles: Commodore Keyes vainly submits new plan for naval forcing of Straits, but C-in-C Robeck opposes.
Western Front: Royal Flying Corps and Aeronautique Militaire launch 5-day combined attack (until September 28) on Lille-Douai-Valenciennes rail ‘triangle’ for Allied autumn offensive, despite poor weather. RFC (92 bombing sorties) drops 5 1/2 t or 245 bombs hitting 5 or 6 trains, damaging lines in 16 places, setting Valenciennes sheds alight (2 aircraft failed to return).
Greece: Greek Army precautionary mobilization.
Rumania: Franco-Russian Ambassadors ask governments’ attitude about Bulgaria. Rumanian leaders lonescu and Filipescu demand mobilization following day.