Diary for Friday, July 30, 1915:
Flanders: 6 German trench flamethrowers used against BEF; 1/2-mile of British 41st Brigade (New Army 14th Division, arrived France on June 18) trenches stormed by German 126th Infantry Regiment (53rd Reserve Division) on Menin Road (Hooge), ‘No Man’s Land’ 15 yards (ca. 14 m) at narrowest.
Russia: War Minister General Poplivanov tells ministers ‘Demoralization, surrender and desertion are assuming huge proportions’.
Mesopotamia: 80-mile British Tigris reconnaissance from Amara to Ali Garbi.
Baltic: Royal Navy submarine E1 (Laurence) sinks German minesweeper Aachen off Libau.
Papal peace appeal letter to all belligerents.
USA: Government protest against German spies’ false passports.
Holland: £7.5 millions naval program voted for 2 cruisers, 4 submarines and 6 aircraft.
South Africa: Botha lands at Cape Town to hero’s welcome.
Turkey: Cholera among troops at Constantinople.