Diary for Friday, March 12, 1915:
Flanders – Neuve Chapelle: 16,000-strong German counterattacks from 0500 hours, easily repulsed by IV and Indian Corps; III Corps takes L’Epinette. Fighting until nightfall when Haig orders entrenching on line won, but only a slight salient 2,000 yds wide and 1,200 yds deep has been pushed into German line. Total British casualties: 11,652 men (4,200 of Indian Corps). German casualties including 1,700 PoWs. Germans bombard Ypres.
Champagne: Reinforced French Fourth Army offensive storms part of Grey Trenches, but no gains on next day.
Dardanelles: Royal Navy Division reaches Lemnos. French 1st Division arrives on March 15.
Cameroons: French Mission at Duala (until March 18) to arrange mid-October Allied advance on Yaunde after rainy season.
Britain: Government formally accepts Russian claim of March 4 to Constantinople.
Germany: British agent ‘Frey’ enters Germany from Switzerland but proves fraud by end of 1915.