Diary for Tuesday, May 23, 1916:
Artois, Vimy: BEF IV Corps counter-attack with 2 brigades ruined by German counter-barrage; British losses 2,500 to 1,344 German.
Verdun: German counter-attack cuts off French in fort Douaumont who cannot be reinforced. Germans take Cumieres.
Italian Front: Austrian XXI Corps east of river Adige attacks Buole Pass (4,773 ft) (until May 28) against Italian 37th Division.
Britain: House of Commons votes £ 300 million war credit (no 11); war cost est £4.8m per day since April 1.