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Diary November 30, 1939

map of Winter War in Finland 1939-40
The Winter War with Russian attacks, Finnish counter-attacks and territory lost by Finland after the peace of 1940.

War Diary for Thursday, November 30, 1939:

Finland

WINTER WAR: RUSSIAN INVASION OF FINLAND. 26 divisions attack on four fronts at Karelian Isthmus, North of lake Ladoga, in the ‘Waist’, and at Petsamo (Arctic), supported by 900 aircraft and Baltic and Northern Fleets.
Helsinki and Viipuri bombed, mass evacuation of civilians.
Field Marshal Mannerheim (aged 72) appointed ‘Defender of Finland’ and C-in-C.

Total Soviet Forces against Finland:
600,000 men, 32 divisions, 1,200 tanks
696 planes divided between the armies and 300 more in Estonia
2 battleships, 1 cruiser, 9 destroyers, 16 small warships, 11 submarines deployed by the Baltic and Arctic Fleets

Total Finnish Forces at the beginning of the Winter War:
400,000 men, 9 divisions
145 planes
2 coast defense ships, 5 submarines

Home Fronts

Germany: Unemployed now total of 120,000.

Sea War

Merchant shipping losses in November 1939: 49 Allied ships with 173,563 tons in the Atlantic, 1 Allied ship with 706 tons elsewhere.
1 U-boat sunk in the Atlantic, Arctic or Baltic.

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