War Diary of World War One for Monday, November 9, 1914:
Indian Ocean: German light cruiser Emden driven ashore and destroyed (206 dead, but 50 crew ashore escape) on Direction Island, Keeling, Cocos Islands by cruiser HMAS Sydney (Glossop) with 16 casualties and hit 10 times. First action ever fought by an Australian warship.
Pacific: German gunboat Geier interned at Honolulu, becomes USS Carl Schurz in 1917 (lost in collision on 21 June 1918). AMC Komoran interned at Guam on November 14.
Dardanelles: Admiral Guepratte forms French Squadron.
North Sea: First U-boat (U-12) enters Zeebrugge base.
Flanders: British positions at Ypres come under fierce attack. Falkenhayn forms Army Group Linsingen for final effort. Indian Garhwal Rifles make successful night raid at Neuve Chapelle sector.
Poland: Woyrsch evacuates Kalish and Chenstokhov. Russian 14th Cavalry Division raids Silesia, cuts railway at Pleschen and penetrates 20 miles (ca. 32 km) until next day.
Serbia: Austrian regiment crosses river Sava at Semendria east of Belgrade but is blocked by Serbian troops.
Britain: Prime minister Asquith’s Guildhall speech on Allied war aims ‘We shall never sheath the sword’. Anglo-French convention on naval prizes.