Diary for Thursday, September 7, 1916:
Actions near Kisaki (until September 8): c.2,600 Germans with 22 MGs beat 1,700 South Africans troops, forcing retreat and halt (until September 13).
On coast British land and occupy both Kilwas 140 miles south of Dar-es-Salaam (1,100 soldiers land and occupy Mikindani 120 miles south of Kilwa on September 13).
USA: US Shipping Board created to form Govtowned merchant fleet. Congress authorizes Wilson to retaliate against Britain, signs legislation (September 8). Emergency Revenue Act doubles normal income tax (September 8).