Diary for Monday, March 1, 1915:
Britain: Government declare it ‘WOULD PREVENT COMMODITIES OF ANY KIND ENTERING OR LEAVING GERMANY’. But, owing to fear of alienating USA and other neutrals, large cargoes continue to reach Germany via Dutch and Scandinavian ports, till 1917.
Dardanelles: 50 Royal Marines and sailors destroy 15 guns, 4 MGs and 2 searchlights at entrance. 3 British battleships engage 8 Forts and French ships shell Bulair next day.
Adriatic: Austrian Navy raids Montenegrin port Antivari.
During March a German 70-man storm detachment with armored shields suffers 50% losses. French first issue hand grenades to troops (improvised ones earlier made at front).
Flanders: A rare Indian desertion (15 men) to Germans who return them and others to Indian Northwest Frontier.
Champagne: French establish new line, since February 16 they have advanced 2,000 yds in Perthes-Beausejour sector. French capture trenches to 1,000 yds on 3 1/2-mile front. Unsuccessful attacks by 2 Prussian Guard regiments northeast of Mesnil until March 4.
Poland: Heavy fighting near Grodno and Osovyels until next day as Russian Tenth Army counterattacks.
Carpathians: Austrian attacks repulsed until March 9 but Hungarian General Szurmay holds Uzsok Pass, three times refusing orders evacuating during March.
Serbia: British Serbian Relief Fund and Red Cross Society open typhus isolation colony; 16 workers including organizer Lady Paget stricken (March 6-24) leaving one sister for 300 patients for a week until 2nd Serbian Relief Fund surgical unit supplies four more nurses.
Dardanelles: Corps Expeditionnaire d ‘Orient formed for Dardanelles. By now 5 Turk divisions are in this theater (3 added in February).
Persia: General Nazarbekov reoccupies Dilman, Azerbaijan.
Palestine: Djemal told by Constantinople to seek Jewish co-operation.
East Africa: Royal Navy blockade formally begins, of a 600-mile coast line.
France: In March French Navy decides to introduce small non-rigid airships for Anti-submarine and mine sweeping duties.
Turkey: During March German crews to ferry 6 aircraft from Southern Hungary to Bulgaria and thence rail them to Constantinople: 3 arrive safely, 3 other impounded by Bulgaria. Henceforth, until October 11, 1915 aircraft for Turkey flown direct from Hungary to Adrianople.
Western Front: Cdt Baron de Tricornet, Marquis de Rose, forms world’s first specialized fighter aircraft unit (Esc MS12), equipped with MS type ‘L’ ‘Parasol’ two-seaters based at Rosnay near Reims.
Royal Flying Corps 3rd Wing formed at St Omer. RFC flies 141 bombing missions until June 20, but only 3 are definite successful.
Anglo-French Declaration to prevent trade with or by Germany in all ships sailing after March 11 (US protests on March 5).
France: In March French physicist Paul Langevin begins echo-ranging research in Paris (Seine underwater tests end 1915, at Toulon 1916).
Austria: Major Primavesi of Austrian Intelligence organizes censors’ group for Italy in March.
Britain: Food prices increased by 24%.