Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand

World War One


'fighter of Verdun'
The Battle of Verdun (February 21 - December 18, 1916). Situation end of 1915, to bleed the French army white,
Luger pistol model 1908 Parabellum
Luger Parabellum Model 1908, the most widely used pistol in the German army from World War 1 to 1942. History,
British reconnaissance, bomber, night-fighter and training aircraft Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2. History, development, service, specifications, pictures and 3D model. Royal
The Russian Brusilov Offensive in summer 1916: History, preparation and conduct of the most successful Russian offensive in World War
The largest naval battle in history, which took place at Jutland on May 31 to June 1, 1916. Naval forces,
British heavy Infantry Tank Mark I of World War One and first tank in history. History, development, service, specifications, pictures
French field gun Canon de 75 mle 1897 (soixante-quinze). History, development, service, specifications, pictures and 3D model. Canon de 75
Mauser C/96 Model 1896
First self-loading pistol German Mauser Automatic C/96 (built 1896-1938) used in both World Wars. History, development, service, specifications and pictures.
spraying of disinfectants on the streets of London
The Spanish flue from 1918-1919 and its implications in comparison to the plague and actual Coronavirus. Impact of the pandemics:
French Caudron G series of two-seater reconnaissance bombers of World War One. History, development, service, specifications, pictures and model. Caudron
crew members of a Sikorsky Ilya Mouromets
Sikorsky Ilya Mouromets, Russian heavy bomber from the First World War and the first four-engined aircraft in history. History, development,
3D model of FT-17
French light infantry tank Renault FT-17 of the First World War. History, development, service, specifications, pictures and 3D model. Renault
Results and statistics about 15 battles of World War One. Beginning with the Battles of the Frontiers from August 14-23,
pistol Taisho 14 Nambu
Japanese automatic pistols and revolvers from the First and Second World War. History, development, specifications, statistics and pictures. Revolver Meiji
German two-seat reconnaissance planes Albatros B types of World War One. History, development, service, specifications, pictures and model. Albatros B.I,
Model Airco DH2
British first true single-seat fighting scout Airco de Havilland 2. History, development, service, specifications, statistics, pictures, and model. Airco DH2
Tank Mark VIII
Heavy Mk VIII 'Liberty' or 'International' tank build in U.S. after World War One. History, development, service, specifications, statistics, pictures,
Uniforms, strength, organization of the Army of Belgium from 1914 to 1918 in World War One. The Belgian Army in
Italian heavy gun Cannone da 149/35A in service from 1901 to 1943. History, development, service, specifications, pictures and 3D model.
German fighting power in World War One. During World War One the German armed forces were mobilizing a total of

Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo.
Sarajevo No other political assassination in modern history has had such momentous conse­quences of the shooting of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir apparent to the Habsburg empire, in Sarajevo, the capital of the tur­bulent provinces of Bosnia-Herzegovina, more than 100 years ago – on 28th June 1914.
The Sarajevo murder was an incident which, under more normal international circumstances, could not have provoked such historical upheavals.

But in the early summer of 1914 relations between the great European powers were so tense that the killing of the archduke by a Bosnian student, named Gavrilo Princip, led to the outbreak of World War One through a series of quick and irreversible steps – the Austrian ultimatum to Serbia on 23rd July, her declaration of war on 28th July, Russian mobilization, Ger­many’s declaration of war on Russia on 1st August, and on France on 3rd August, and Great Britain’s declaration of war against Germany on 4th August.

The great powers had been elaborating plans for mobilizing mass armies ever since the Franco-German war of 1870-71. As usual, men prepared for the last military conflict instead of for the next one. The general staffs all assumed that the coming struggle would be decided by the first engagements on the frontiers, as had happened in 1870, and each general staff aimed to get its blow in first. Yet they were all terrified that the other side might beat them to it. Each one of them attributed to others a speed and flexibility which they knew they did not possess themselves. The deterrent of the overwhelming blow put the generals in a panic instead of giving them security. Such is the usual way with deterrents.
The strategies for mobilization were all according to detailed train time-tables, accurately determined through the years. As soon as the alert received, millions of reservists would arrive at their barracks. Thousands of trains would be put together and would pro­ceed every single day to their designated targets. The time-tables were strict and might not be modified without several weeks of planning. Casino Games explained.
Germany and France both had just one strategy for mobilization – both equally moved, needless to say, versus the opponent. Russia and Austria-Hungary got different strategies: the Russian either for general mobilization versus simultaneously against Germany and Austria-Hun­gary or for partial mobilization versus Austria-Hungary only; the Austrians against Serbia, Italy, or Russia. If one of these strategies did start to run, it would make the change to a different strategy im­possible. The time-tables could hardly be modified immediately.
This is the way to one of the deadliest conflicts in history. This scale of human loss had never been seen before – more than 14 million soldiers and civilians were killed, and a further 21 million troops were wounded during the four years of stagnant trench warfare and in failed attacks.
It was also the first time that many of the military technologies we now take for granted were employed, including heavy bombers and tanks. Yet even these were overshadowed by more established weapons such as machine-guns and artillery, the most lethal weapon of all.
The armistice in 1918 also signaled the end of the existing Europe; the conflict had caused the death of three powers: the Austro-Hungarian, German, and Russian – and saw the appearance of the U.S.A. as a major worldwide power. Nevertheless, the peace negotiations inserted the fundamentals for the outbreak of WW2.
The Diary will become a chronological history – day by day – of the conflict from the opening shots at Sarajevo in June 1914 to the armistice in November 1918. All the major war theaters are covered, as is the fighting in the air and at sea.

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