back to Military Performance on the Western Front 1944 (Part IV)
Part IV of the analysis of fighting power.
Unfortunately, the HERO database is (Historical Evaluation and Research Organization) for the German Eastern Front in World War II is less comprehensive than for the military performance to the Western Front.
However, the available data show that the German fighting power value over the Russians was far superior to that over the Western Allies, though not as pronounced as the fighting power in World War One was.
The following table gives some figures for the battle in Oboyan sector the Battle of Kursk, in which the German XLVIII Panzer Corps was attacking for seven days the Russian 6th Guards and 1st Panzer Armies. During those seven days the German troops were numerically inferior about 2:3 and could precede 21 miles (ca. 34 km) through one of the most heavily fortified zones that the world had seen since November 1918.
They were only brought to a halt, as another Russian Tank Army and other reserves were thrown into battle and so the specified balance of power changed completely. The German success of advancing 21 miles (ca. 34 km) was only possible because the Germans had a combat value superiority of at least 168 percent or a relative combat effectiveness value (CEV) of 2.68.
In most of the studied battles by HERO the battle value (Score Effectiveness, CE) was greater than the CEV, usually about the square of the CEV. In this case, it was a little smaller, probably because of the lower vulnerability of the Russians because of their extensive field fortifications.
Kursk Statistical Comparisons Oboyan Secor, July 5-11, 1943:
|Manpower||98,000||62,000||1.58 : 1.00|
|Tanks and Assault Guns||817||650||1.26 : 1.00|
|Artillery and Mortars (from 75mm)||1,675||1,014||1.65 : 1.00|
|Air Support Sorties (est.)||3,150||3,150||1.00 : 1.00|
|Casualties||22,000||13,600||1.62 : 1.00|
|Casualties per day||2,444||1,511||1.62 : 1.00|
|Percent casualties per day||2.49 %||2.49 %||1.02 : 1.00|
|Tank Losses||450||350||1.29 : 1.00|
|Relative combat Effectiveness (approx.)||1.0||2.35||1.00 : 2.35|
|Score Effectiveness (kills; CE)||1.39||2.55||1.00 : 1.83|
Fighting power on the Eastern Front in 1944
The table below provides some general figures for the Russian Front in 1944. Almost throughout the year the Germans were on the verge of collapse, but they are not collapsed. In light of the difference in strength of both sides, the 2.5 million Germans (who had the defenders advantage) must had a fighting power superiority by almost 88 percent, or a CEV of 1.88 ahead. One can conclude from this that the superiority of the German Score Effectiveness (CE) over the Russians was at almost 6 to 1, which probably reflects the tendency of Russians for mass attacks without regard to losses.
Russian-German Force Comparisons Russian Front, 1944:
|Field Force Strength||6,100,000||between 3,500,000 and 2,500,000||1.74 : 1.00 to 2.44 : 1.00|
|Relative Combat Effectiveness ( German defense posture factor applied: 1.3)||1.34 : 1.00 to 1.88 : 1.00|
|Total personel losses||7,000,000||1,800,000|
|Non-Battle Casualties||2,000,000 (est)||700,000|
|Battle Losses||5,000,000 (est)||1,100,000||4.55 : 1.00|
|Battlefield Exchange Ratio Per man (3.5 mil Germans)||0.18||1.4||1.00 : 7.78|
|Relative Score Effectiveness (German defense posture factor applied: 1.3)||1.00 : 5.98|