Fw 190 A

Focke-Wulf A fighter planes from the German Luftwaffe in World War II.
History, development, service, specifications, pictures and 3D model.

 Focke-Wulf Fw 190 A-8 at aircraft museum
Focke-Wulf Fw 190 A-8 at aircraft museum ‘Luftfahrtmuseum Hannover-Laatzen’ (Germany).

Focke-Wulf Fw 190 A-series
Type: German Luftwaffe fighter plane and fighter-bomber.


The Fw 190 V1 (D-OPZE), developed by Dipl-Ing Kurt Tank and Oberingenieur R Blaser to a 1938 RLM demand, initially flew on 1 June 1939, this plane and also the V2 equally being operated by a 1,550 hp BMW 139 two-row radial power plant. Following planes, using the bigger and more potent BMW 801C engine, contained 40 pre-series Fw 190 A-0s requested in 1940, the majority of them with a 3 ft 3.4in increased wing span which afterwards became common.

Full-scale manufacturing began with 100 4-gun Fw 190 A-1s, which joined operation with II./JG26 in summer 1941, and ongoing using the better-armed A-2 and A-3, the second getting 6 guns (2 MG 151/20 and 4 MG 17) along with a BMW 801D-2 power plant.

Despite the fact that flown some time before WW2 this slim small fighter had been unidentified to the Allies and prompted an unpleasant shock when initial encountered over France in 1941. Undoubtedly, it had been so significantly better than the larger and much slower Spitfire V that the first time the RAF believed not just outnumbered however crushed technically.
It was faster compared to every Allied fighter operating, got a good deal stronger armament, had been incredibly robust, had superb power of maneuver and excellent pilot view. It had been furthermore a really tiny target, much lighter than every Allied fighter, together with a reliable wide track landing gear in contrast to the Me 109. Luckily for the Allies, it never replaced the Me 109G, however aside from the fighter-bomber Fw 190 F the majority of them were in action in the West or Mediterranean.


Initial operational use was made of the Focke-Wulf 190 in the fighter-bomber role, in low-level hit-and-run raids over southern England throughout 1942. The A-4 models (2,100 hp boosted BMW 801D-2) provided the A-4/U8 fighter-bomber (carrying a drop-tank and 1,102 lb (500 kg) of bombs, with armament decreased) and the A-4/R6 bomber interceptor with under-wing rocket projectiles.

By the end of the year 1942 around 2,000 Focke-Wulf 190 were produced and had been in extensive action in Europe, the Mediterranean as well as on the Eastern Front.

The A-5 was manufactured mainly for close support; the A-6 and A-7 consisted of more advancements in firepower; the A-8s were largely bomber interceptors or Zerstörer, however some were used as all-weather fighters while others as 2-seat trainers.

The Focke-Wulf 190 B and C models had been rejected, soon after prototypes with boosted BMW 801D or DB 603A engines, in preference to the long­-nosed Fw 190 D or ‘Dora’.

Users: Germany (Luftwaffe), Croatia, Slovakia, Turkey (during WW2).

Animated 3D model Focke-Wulf A-3

Specifications Focke-Wulf Fw 190 A-6, A-8


A-6, A-8 Specification
Type fighter, fighter-bomber
Power plant one 1,700 hp (2,100 hp boosted) BMW 801D-2 18-cylinder two-row radial engine (A-8), BMW 801TS (A-6)
Wing span34 ft 5.6 in (10.51 m)
Length overall29 ft 4.4 in (8.95 m)
Height overall12 ft 11.9 in (3.96 m)
Wing area196.98 sq/ft (18.30 m²)
Weight empty equipped 7,650 lb (3,470 kg)
Weight loaded 9,656 lb (4,380 kg)
Maximum wing loading 49.02 lb/sq ft (239.34 kg/m²)
Maximum power loading 5.68 lb/hp (2.57 kg/PS)
Maximum speed A-8: 408 mph at 20,670 ft (657 km/hr at 6,300 m); A-6: 424 mp at 34,450 ft (683 km/hr at 10,500 m)
Initial climb 2,350 ft/min (716 m/min)
Service ceiling 37,400 ft (11,410 m)
Range497 miles (800 km)


above engine 2 x 7,92mm MG17 (1,200 rpm, velocity 2,477 ft.sec) 2 x 13mm MG131 (930 rpm, velocity 2,461 ft.sec)
in wing roots 2 x 20mm MG151/20 (720 rpm, velocity 1,920 ft.sec) 2 x 20mm MG151/20 (720 rpm, velocity 1,920 ft.sec)
in outer wings 2 x 20mm MG151/20 (720 rpm, velocity 1,920 ft.sec) 2 x 20mm MG151/20 or 2 x 30mm MK108 (650 rpm, velocity 1,705 ft.sec)
external load 1 x 2,200 lb (1,100 kg) bomb (fighter-bombers) 1 x 1,100 lb (500 kg) bomb on centreline

Service statistics:

Focke-Wulf 190figures
First flight V11 June 1939
Production delivery (A-1)September 1940
Service delivery (A-1)summer 1941
Production delivery (A-6)June 1943
Production delivery (A-8)end of 1943
Final delivery1945 (in France 1946)
Total production figure (all) 20,001 (2,000 end of 1942)
Accepted by Luftwaffe 1/39-12/44 16,724
Production 1941 (all fighters)228
Production 1942 (all fighters) 1,850
Production 1943 (all fighters) 2,171
Production 1944 (all fighters) 7,488
Production 1945 (all fighters) 1,630
in First Line Units 20.9.42509
in First Line Units 31.12.42580
in First Line Units 10.1.45 1,561

References and literature

Combat Aircraft of World War II (Bill Gunston)
Technik und Einsatz der Kampfflugzeuge vom 1. Weltkrieg bis heute (Ian Parsons)
Das große Buch der Luftkämpfe (Ian Parsons)
Luftkrieg (Piekalkiewicz)
Flugzeuge des 2. Weltkrieges (Andrew Kershaw)
German Aircraft of World War 2 in Colour (Kenneth Munson)
Warplanes of the Luftwaffe (David Donald)
The Luftwaffe Album, Bomber and Fighter Aircraft of the German Air Force 1933-1945 (Joachim Dressel, Manfred Griehl)
English: https://amzn.to/3kxkX6t
Luftwaffe Handbook (Dr Alfred Price)
The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II (Chris Bishop)
Focke-Wulf Fw 190 Aces of the Western Front (J. Weal)

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