Me 109 Gustav in foreign service

Messerschmitt Bf 109 G series in foreign service.
History, development, service, specifications, pictures and 3D model.

Hungarian Me 109 G-6
A Hungarian Me 109 G-6. This aircraft was also built in Hungary.

Messerschmitt Bf 109 Gustav in foreign service.
Type: German single-seat fighter.

Me 109 Gustav in foreign service

Foreign service and manufacture of the Bf 109 Gustav series was fairly widespread.


The Royal Hungarian Air Force received 59 German-made Gustavs (G-2, G-6) in addition to about 700 aircraft built at factories at Gyor and Budapest. The Duna works were switching from the Me 210 to the Bf 109 G in March 1944. The first units to receive these fighters were the 5/1 and 5/2 Squadrons of the 5/I Fighter Group, fighting on the Russian Front. Later on the 5/1. Squadron was withdrawn and the 5/2. Squadron expanded to form the 102. Independent Fighter Squadron. In 1944 the 101st Fighter Group, known as the Puma Group under Obstl. Alador Heppes, was established to defend Hungary itself against advancing Russian forces.

Bulgarian Bf 109 G-2.
Bulgarian Bf 109 G-2.

145 Gustavs were delivered to Bulgaria in 1943-1944 and served with the Sixth Fighter Regiment of the Bulgarian Air Force in defense of Sofia in April 1944.


Slovakia received 15 Gustavs (G-6) in 1944 and license-production was planned of the G-14 at the Prague-Cakowicze Avia factory. But this happens not before the war ended and then for the Czechoslovak air force. In March 1948 several were sold to Israel.

Bf 109 G-10 of the Croatian squadron
Bf 109 G-10 of the Croatian squadron surrendered to US Forces at Falconara in Italy, April 1945.

About a dozen G-10s were flown by Croat pilots in the 15 (Croat) Staffel of JG52, led by Obstl. Fanjo Dzal, which fought at the Battle of Kursk.


Finnish Bf 109 G-6
Finnish Bf 109 G-6 of 3/HLeLv 34.

Finland received 30 Bf 109 G-2s, 132 G-6s and a few G-14s, and the first unit thus equipped was HLeLv 34 based at Utti in 1943. They were flown by such outstanding Finnish aces as Juutulainen (94 victories) and Hasse Wind (78 victories).


Bf 109 G-6 of the Rumanian Air Force.
Bf 109 G-6 of the Rumanian Air Force.

Romania received seventy Gustavs (principally G-6s) from Germany in addition to 16 built at the IAR factory at Brasnov before it was destroyed by bombing.


Italian Bf 109 G-6
Italian Bf 109 G-6 of the 3rd Gruppo Autonomo on a Sicilian airfield.

Bf 109 G-6s were in use with the Italian air force not later than from 1943 onwards. The Fascist air force of the Italian Socialist Republic in Northern Italy received G-6s in 1944.



Spain has used the Bf 109 and its derivatives longer than any other country, since the debut of the Me 109B during the Civil War in 1937. During WW2 the country received a total of 95 airframes of the Bf 109 and these entered service with Spanish engines and under Spanish designations. They included 45 Me 109B, 15 Me 109E, 10 Me 109F, 25 Me 109G.


Switzerland’s procurement of 12 G-6s from Germany is a macabre story, for these fighters were supplied in return for the destruction of a new radar-equipped Me 110 G-4/R7 night fighter which made a force-landing at Dubendorf on 28 April 1944. The G-6s, plus a further two which were sequestrated after straying into Swiss air space, were delivered to Fliegerkompanie 7.

Animated 3D model Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-6/Trop

Specifications Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-6


Me 109 G-6 Specification
Typesingle-seat fighter
Power plant1 x 1475 hp DB 605AM
Wing span32 6.7 ft (9.924 m)
Length overall29 0.3 ft (8.848 m)
Height overall10 6.0 ft (3.20 m)
Wing area174.38 sq ft (16.20 m²)
Weight empty 5,897 lb (2,675 kg)
Weight loaded 6,944 lb (3,150 kg)
Max wing loading 39.82 lb/sq ft (194.44 kg/m²)
Max power loading 4.70 lb/hp (2-13 kg/hp)
Max level speed 386 mph at 22,640 ft (621 km/hr at 6,900 m)
Cruising speed 311 mph at 19,685 ft (500 km/hr at 6,000 m)
Initial climb c. 3,500 ft/min. (c. 1,067 m/min.)
Time to height 16,405 ft in c.5.0 min (5,000 m in 5 min)
Service ceiling 37,895 ft (11,550 m)
Range 621 miles (1,000 km)


Me 109 G-6 Specification
through propeller hub 1 x 30mm MK 108 (650 rpm, velocity 1705 ft.sec)
above engine 2 x 13mm MG 131 (930 rpm, velocity 2461 ft.sec)
optional under wings 2 x 20mm MG 151 (720 rpm, velocity 1920 ft.sec)
external load bomb load of 500 kg (1,102 lb) for G-6/R1

Service statistics:

Me 109 G-6figures
Productionend of 1942
Service deliveryFebruary 1943
Production in Hungarynot later than March 1944 (Duna works)
Final deliverysummer 1944
Price per unit RM 100,000 = c.$45,000 = c.£11,250
Total production figure (all) 35,000+ (of these 30,480 during WW2)
Accepted by Luftwaffe 1/39-12/44 (all) 29,350
Production 1939 (all)449
Production 1940 (all) 1,693
Production 1941 (all) 2,764
Production 1942 (all) 2,665
Production 1943 (all) 6,154
Production 1944 (all) 13,786
Production 1945 (all) 2,969
Me109's in First Line Units 1.9.39 1,085
Me109's in First Line Units 20.9.42 1,074
Me109's in First Line Units 31.12.42 700 (of these 610 Bf 109 G)
Me109's in First Line Units 10.1.45 1,305

References and literature

Combat Aircraft of World War II (Bill Gunston)
Technik und Einsatz der Kampfflugzeuge vom 1. Weltkrieg bis heute (Ian Parsons)
Das große Buch der Luftkämpfe (Ian Parsons)
Luftkrieg (Piekalkiewicz)
German Aircraft of World War 2 in Colour (Kenneth Munson)
Warplanes of the Luftwaffe (David Donald)
The Luftwaffe Album, Bomber and Fighter Aircraft of the German Air Force 1933-1945 (Joachim Dressel, Manfred Griehl)
Messerschmitt Bf 109F-G in Luftwaffe & Foreign Service (Aircam Aviation Series No 40 – Francis K. Mason)

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