Me 109 F

German Luftwaffe fighter plane Messerschmitt Bf 109 F of World War II.
History, development, service, specifications, pictures and 3D model.

e 109 F is standing outside a hangarette camouflaged as a barn
This Me 109 F is standing outside a hangarette camouflaged as a barn at an airfield in northern France.

Messerschmitt Bf 109 F-4
Type: German Luftwaffe fighter plane.


During the period of the manufacturing of the Me 109 E for the German Luftwaffe, Messerschmitt was creating what was to turn into the best of the many variants, the Me 109 F. Operated by either a 1,200hp DB 601N or a 1,350hp DB 601E power plant, the Me 109 F shown significant progress over previously models when it comes to both performance and cleanliness of line, and finally offered the Luftwaffe a fighter that could outmaneuver the Spitfire V.

The complete fuselage had been better aerodynamically, concluding in a more curved rudder, an unbraced tailplane along with a retractable tail-wheel; the wings, of marginally improved span, were curved off at the tips; and performance at all altitudes was superior to that of previous versions.


Manufacturing series ran from F-1 to F-6, with a variety of sub-types. Several F-series planes were utilized as test beds, the products examined including BMW 801 (radial) and Jumo 213 motors, a V-type tail device, rocket weapons, and a nose wheel landing gear.

A prototype never flown, but nonetheless of fascination, was the Me 109 Z of 1943, by which a pair of Me 109 F’s were ‘twinned’ by linking them by a fresh, common wing center-section and tail plane, the single pilot being intended to take up a cockpit in the port fuselage.

By 1942 the Me 109 F had been replaced in manufacturing and service by the most numerous model, the Me 109 G, called ‘Gustav’.

Users: German Luftwaffe (for Bf 109 F).

Animated 3D model Me 109 F

Specifications Messerschmitt Bf 109 F-4


Me 109 F-4 Specification
Type single-seat fighter
Power plant one 1,350 hp Daimler Benz DB601E-1 inverted-vee-12 liquid-cooled engine
Wing span32 ft 6.7 in (9.92 m)
Length overall29 ft 0.3 in (8.84 m)
Height overall8 ft 6.0 in (2.59 m)
Wing area 174.38 sq/ft (16,20 m²)
Weight empty equipped 5,269 lb (2,390 kg)
Weight loaded 6,393 lb (2,900 kg)
Maximum wing loading 36.66 lb/sq ft (179.01 kg/m²)
Maximum power loading 4.73 lb/hp (2.14 kg/hp)
Maximum speed 388 mph at 21,325 ft (625 km/hr at 6,500 m)
Cruising speed 355 mph at 16,405 ft (585 km/hr at 5,000 m)
Time to height 16,405 ft (5,000 m) in 5.2 min
Service ceiling 39,375 ft (12,000 m)
Range 528 miles (850 km) with 300-liters drop tank


Me 109 F-4 Specification
above engine 2 x 15.1mm MG151 machine guns (700 rpm, velocity 3,131 ft/sec)
through propeller hub 1 x 20mm MG FF (540 rpm)
optional in fairings under wings 2 x 20mm MG151/20 machine guns (720 rpm, velocity 1,920 ft/sec)

Service statistics:

Me 109 Ffigures
First flight prototypeJuly 1940
Production delivery1941
Service deliverySpring 1941
First combat reportsMay 1941
Final delivery1942
Price per unit RM 100,000 = c. $45,000 = c. £ 11,250
Total production figure (all) 35,000+ (of these 30,480 during WW2)
Accepted by Luftwaffe 1/39-12/44 (all) 29,350
Production 1941 (all variants) 2,764
Production 1942 (all variants) 2,665
Me 109's in First Line Units 20.9.42 1,074
Me 109's in First Line Units 31.12.42700 (still 90 Me 109 F)

References and literature

The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II (Chris Bishop)
Combat Aircraft of World War II (Bill Gunston)
Technik und Einsatz der Kampfflugzeuge vom 1. Weltkrieg bis heute (Ian Parsons)
Das große Buch der Luftkämpfe (Ian Parsons)
Luftkrieg (Piekalkiewicz)
Flugzeuge des 2. Weltkrieges (Andrew Kershaw)
German Aircraft of World War 2 in Colour (Kenneth Munson)
Warplanes of the Luftwaffe (David Donald)
The Luftwaffe Album, Bomber and Fighter Aircraft of the German Air Force 1933-1945 (Joachim Dressel, Manfred Griehl)
Luftwaffe Handbook (Dr Alfred Price)

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